Photography of Holk Cruse

Holk Cruse

Holk Cruse is currently principal investigator at the Excellence Cluster "Cognitive Interaction Technology" at the University of Bielefeld, Germany. His research centers on autonomous systems, particularly the use of internal world models to plan and control movements thus forming the basis for cognition. This includes questions concerning the relation between unconscious and voluntary decisions as well as the grounding of language.

OM Contributions


  • Schilling, M., Hoinville, T., Schmitz, J., & Cruse, H. (2013). Walknet, a bio-inspired controller for hexapod walking. Biological cybernetics, 107(4), 397-419.

  • Cruse, H., & Wehner, R. (2011). No need for a cognitive map: Decentralized memory for insect navigation. PLoS Computational Biology, 7(3), 1-10.

  • Cruse, H. (2006). Neural networks as cybernetic systems, part 1: Chapter 1-8. Brains, Minds and Media. Journal of New Media in Neural and Cognitive Science and Education, 2(1). Bielefeld: Department of Neurobiology.

  • Cruse, H. (2003). The evolution of cognition—A hypothesis. Cognitive Science, 27(1), 135-155.

  • Cruse, H. (1990). What mechanisms coordinate leg movement in walking arthropods? Trends in Neurosciences, 13(1), 15-21.